Contribution of the GSTP1 c.313A>G variant to hearing loss risk in patients exposed to platin chemotherapy during childhood.
Liberman, Patricia Helena Pecora
Goffi-Gomez, Maria Valéria Schmidt
Jacob, P. L.
Paula, C. A. A. de
Sartorato, E. L.
Torrezan, G. T.
Ferreira, E. N
Carraro, D. M.
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BACKGROUND AND AIM: Ototoxicity is a potential adverse effect of chemotherapy with platin drugs, such as cisplatin and carboplatin, in children. Hearing loss (HL) affecting frequencies below 4 kHz can compromise speech perception. The aim of this study was to investigate whether genetic variants previously implicated in ototoxicity are associated with HL overall and HL below 4 kHz in pediatric oncology patients treated with cisplatin or carboplatin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients given cisplatin or carboplatin for a pediatric cancer at least 5 years prior to the start of the study were enrolled. The patients underwent comprehensive audiological evaluations and genotyping to detect the presence of the GJB2 c.35delG, GSTP1 c.313A>G, and MT-RNR1 m.1555A>G polymorphisms. RESULTS: HL was identified in 31/61 patients (50.8%), including 28/42 treated with cisplatin (66.6%) and 3/19 treated with carboplatin (15.8%). HL was associated with higher mean doses of cisplatin (p = .002) and carboplatin (p = .010). The c.313A>G variant of GSTP1 (heterozygous or homozygous) was detected in 31/61 patients (50.8%). An association between this variant allele and HL involving frequencies ≤ 4 kHz was identified (p = .020; 10-fold vs. non-carriers). No associations with HL were observed for GJB2 or MT-RNR1 gene variants. CONCLUSION: The GSTP1 c.313A>G variant may increase the risk of low-frequency HL in pediatric oncology patients treated with cisplatin or carboplatin chemotherapy.
Clin Transl Oncol. 2019 May;21(5):630-635. doi: 10.1007/s12094-018-1964-7.